Ganado-hepato-somatic Index of Oreochromis niloticus Sub Adults Exposed to Some Herbicides  

Fidelis Bekeh Ada , Ezekiel Olatunji Ayotunde
Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Obubra Campus, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2013, Vol. 3, No. 11   doi: 10.5376/ija.2013.03.0011
Received: 23 Apr., 2013    Accepted: 28 Apr., 2013    Published: 22 May, 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Ada, 2013, Ganado-hepato-somatic index of Oreochromis niloticus sub adults exposed to some herbicides, International Journal of Aquaculture, Vol.3, No.11 49-54 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2013. 03.0011)


Due to importance of Oreochromis niloticus in Aquaculture in Nigeria and the importance of the liver and the gonads in fish, the gonadosomatic and hepatosomatic indexes were measured after exposing the fish to different concentrations of Gramoxone, Glyphosate, Butachlor and Atrazine for fourteen days. These herbicides were observed to produce atrophy in the two organs, liver and gonads. The herbicides are therefore likely going to hinder fish production in the area due to their influence in these important fish organs.

Gonadosomatic index; Hepatosomatic index; Oreochromis niloticus; Herbicides
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