Review and Outlook

Design and Construction of Modern Marine Ranching: Technologies, Methods, and Challenges  

Rudi Mai
Hainan Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources, Sanya, Hainan, 572025, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2023, Vol. 13, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/ija.2023.13.0005
Received: 06 Jul., 2023    Accepted: 27 Jul., 2023    Published: 10 Aug., 2023
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Mai R.D., 2023, Design and construction of modern marine ranching: technologies, methods, and challenges, International Journal of Aquaculture, 13(5): 1-9 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2023.13.0005)


With the growing global population and increasing demand for marine products, the design and development of marine ranching have become increasingly important. This paper provides an in-depth exploration of the design concepts, construction technologies, and methods of modern marine ranching, and comprehensively analyzes the major challenges faced and corresponding strategies. Addressing different marine environments, various design principles are discussed, such as diversified aquaculture, optimal utilization of spatial resources, and environmental protection considerations. Furthermore, cutting-edge construction technologies and methods are introduced, including China's "Guoxin-1," which utilizes high-tech and innovative equipment to enhance farming efficiency and reduce environmental impacts. However, the construction and development of marine ranching face numerous challenges, such as climate change, marine pollution, and technological bottlenecks. In this context, potential solutions are proposed, including adopting new technologies, improving management systems, and implementing policy adjustments. Lastly, this paper provides detailed descriptions and in-depth analyses of five representative modern marine ranching cases worldwide, aiming to provide valuable references for the design and construction of future marine ranching.

Marine ranching; Design principles; Construction technologies; Challenges; Mitigation strategies
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