Review and Progress

Study on the Formation Mechanism and Basic Characteristics of Pearl  

Di Zhu1 , Hong Gao2 , Lingfei Jin1,2
1 Cuixi Academy of Biotechnology, Zhuji, 311800, China
2 Institute of Life Science, Jiyang College of Zhejiang A&F University, Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2023, Vol. 13, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/ija.2023.13.0003
Received: 08 Jun., 2023    Accepted: 13 Jun., 2023    Published: 21 Jun., 2023
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Zhu D., Gao H., and Jin L.F., 2023, Study on the formation mechanism and basic characteristics of pearl, International Journal of Aquaculture, 13(3): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2023.13.0003)

Pearl is an ancient organic gem with unique beauty, and has been treated as a treasure since ancient times. From a scientific point of view, pearls are produced in the bodies of Pteria and Pinctada molluscs. The pearls are rich in color and diverse in shape, and are formed by the accumulation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) containing minerals (aragonite) beads produced by endocrine. This paper summarizes the biological characteristics and formation mechanism of pearl during its growth and development; The chemical composition, biological activity and internal and external causes of pearl are clarified to reveal their formation mechanism and the physiological and biochemical characteristics of pearls; The physiological and biochemical characteristics of pearls and their main chemical components are analyzed to provide scientific basis for improving the quality of cultured pearls in China and the follow-up research and development of new composite materials.
Pearl; Form; Formation mechanism; Chemical characteristics
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