Research Article

Serum Biochemistry and Lipids Profiling in Experimental Dietary Exposure of Heterobranchus Longifilis Catfish Juveniles to Graded Concentrations of Fumonisin B1  

Bolade Thomas Adeyemo1, 2 , Lateef Oloyede Tiamiyu2, 3 , Victoria Ogeh Ayuba2
1 Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, PMB 117 Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, College of Forestry and Fisheries, University of Agriculture Makurdi, PMB 2373 Makurdi, Nigeria
3 Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515 Ilorin, Nigeria
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/ija.2017.07.0005
Received: 02 Mar., 2017    Accepted: 20 Mar., 2017    Published: 06 Apr., 2017
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Adeyemo B.T., Tiamiyu L.O., and Ayuba V.O., 2017, Serum biochemistry and lipids profiling in experimental dietary exposure of Heterobranchus longifilis catfish juveniles to graded concentrations of fumonisin B1, International Journal of Aquaculture, 7(5): 31-41 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2017.07.0005)


Heterobranchus longifilis catfish is an important aquaculture fish species in the West African sub region. The culture of this fish is based on a diet containing up to 30% maize as a source of energy. We assessed the serum biochemical and lipids profile of this fish following dietary exposure to graded concentrations of fumonisin B1 (FB1). 450 juvenile H. longifilis catfish were stocked into 5 groups of 1000 L tanks consisting of 3 tanks per group and fed one of five experimental diets amended with purified FB1 (0.0; 10.0; 20.0; 20.0; 40.0 and 80.0 mg FB1/kg) for 56 days. At time point’s day 7, day 28 and day 56, five fish each were randomly sampled from each tank and bled for serum biochemical and lipids profiling. Results shows that the experimental diets had greater FB1 concentration (2.37; 14.68; 24.74; 43.04 and 82.77 mg FB1/ kg), compared to the concentration of purified FB1 added at the time of production of the diets. Dietary FB1 at inclusions ≥ 24.74 mg FB1/kg caused a nonspecific dose and duration of feeding dependent changes in serum biochemical parameters marked by hypoprotenemia, hyperalbuminemia and increased serum activities of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine, urea and lactate dehydrogenase compared to fish fed the control diets. Other changes observed in H. longifilis catfish juveniles following dietary exposure to FB1 include hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglycerolemia. It was concluded that for profitable H. longifilis culture, dietary FB1 should not exceed 24.74 mg FB1/kg.

Heterobranchus Longifilis; Catfish; Serumbiochemistry; Lipids profiling; Fumonisin B1
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International Journal of Aquaculture
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. Bolade Thomas Adeyemo
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. Victoria Ogeh Ayuba
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