Research Report

Severe Case of Lordosis-Kyphosis-Ankylosis in Mullus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 (Teleostei: Mullidae) Collected from the Northern Aegean Sea, Turkey  

Laith A. Jawad1 , Okan Akyol2 , İlker Aydin2
1 Flat Bush, Manukau, Auckland 2016, New Zealand
2 Faculty of Fisheries, Ege University, 35440 Urla, Izmir, Turkey
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 12   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2018.08.0012
Received: 09 Feb., 2018    Accepted: 16 Mar., 2018    Published: 23 Mar., 2018
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Jawad L.A., Akyol O., and Aydin İ., 2018, Severe case of Lordosis-Kyphosis-Ankylosis in Mullus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 (Teleostei: Mullidae) collected from the Northern Aegean Sea, Turkey, International Journal of Marine Science, 8(12): 101-105 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2018.08.0012)



This study aimed to identify skeletal deformities in Mullus barbatus collected from a natural population from northern the Aegean Sea, Turkey. Lordosis, kyphosis, and ankylosis were detected. Assessment of abnormality in the studied specimen was carried out by the morphological diagnosis and also by using radiography. The case studied was not fatal as it occurred in an adult individual. The possible causes for such deformity are discussed. Further studies are needed to relate specific pollutants with the observed types of deformity.

Skeletal anomalies; Abnormalities; Environmental pollution; Vertebral column; Trace metals
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International Journal of Marine Science
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